If you have a fountain in your yard or garden then you will want to make certain it is kept looking fresh and clean at all times. If it was to become contaminated with fountain algae then the results can be disastrous. If not dealt with effectively the algae can spread to the rest of your water feature not only making it unattractive but also rendering the conditions almost uninhabitable for most marine life.
If algae are becoming a problem in your fountain then you should first of all understand what cleaners can be used to bring it back to its past glory. There are certain chemicals and solvents that should be avoided depending upon the material of which the fountain is made out of. Also think about how toxic it would be to any plant or animal species. Not all fountains require the same level of care and maintenance; it will depend upon the size, material, and other factors.
Before you begin the cleaning process you need to ensure the environment is safe to work in. Unplug the pump and tell others in the property not to reconnect until you say so, if you do not do so then you are potentially running the risk of electrocution. When you are certain that the pump is switched off you can then drain the fountain out.
Take your time to ensure that the pump is not contaminated with any bacterial or algal growth. Some species love to cling to objects such as stones or pond equipment. Try to clean the inside and outside of the pump on a regular basis.
When the water has been fully drained you should then physical remove any debris and detritus from the fountains lining as this may be a cause of algal blooms. If your fountain utilizes a lining then consider taking it off and cleaning it professionally with a power hose. In some cases, algae can be very difficult to shift with elbow grease alone.
If your fountain has various spouts and tubes then you also need to check these areas for algae and bacteria. It is often the most expensive fountains that are more prone to algal problems as they can have many small holes that are designed to create a beautiful cascading effect, these same holes are the perfect breeding ground for algae, and besides they can quickly become blocked with dirt.
Set a monthly date on which you clean the fountain in the summer months. Unless you live in a particularly warm climate algae would only be a problem during the warm spring and summer days. If you are to make the effort to clean your fountain then be certain to check any crevices and cracks for dirt and bacteria. You can use a toothbrush to this effect with great results.
Once you have your fountain looking as if new, give it a thorough rinse over. If you have used any chemical cleaners then it can be beneficial to rinse the fountain out a few times to dilute any toxic residues.